Traditional Islamically Integrated Psychotherapy (TIIP)

Traditional Islamically Integrated Psychotherapy (TIIP) is a therapeutic framework that is an ever-evolving modality of psychological treatment originally published by Keshavarzi, H & Haque, A in 2013. Since then, there has been further research directed at developing this framework. TIIP is the culmination of Khalil Center’s research on psychological treatment conducted by its interdisciplinary team consisting of dually trained professionals and Islamic scholars. The TIIP model offers a framework for integrating contemporary behavioral science into an inherently Islamic framework. The foundations of this model are rooted in an Islamic epistemological and ontological framework.

The practice applications of this model are through techniques that are of two types: 1) inherently Islamic approaches of psychotherapy inspired by the Qur’an, Prophetic Tradition and the traditions of the scholars particularly of the spiritual sciences of taziyah al-nafs such as muraqabah, dua etc. and 2) adaptation and integration of mainstream interventions that are consistent with the foundations and principles of Traditional Islamically Integrated Psychotherapy (TIIP).

In Traditional Islamically-Integrated Psychotherapy (TIIP) there are four larger overarching goals of the psychotherapeutic encounter: Inkishāf or introspective self-discovery, Inqiyād or engendering treatment compliance & motivation, I’tidāl or equilibrium in all aspects of life, and ittiḥād or holistic integration. Interventions are designed to utilize these principles and specifically target the elements of the TIIP ontological framework of the human psyche: (a) ʿaql or cognition; (b) nafs or behavioral inclinations; (c) rūḥ or spirit and (d) iḥsās or emotions.

This approach is not a strictly regimented or manualized therapeutic modality but rather provides general theoretical directions and insights on integrating the Islamic spiritual tradition into psychotherapeutic practice. It provides a framework that allows for an integration that is rooted in the Islamic tradition and is an ever-evolving model of care that is continuously developing through ongoing interdisciplinary research.

TIIP Certification and Levels of Training

Textbook: Applying Islamic Principles to Clinical Mental Health Care: Introducing TIIP ​

This book introduces the basic foundations of TIIP, then delves into the writings of early Islamic scholars to provide a richer understanding of the Islamic intellectual heritage as it pertains to human psychology and mental health. Beyond theory, the book provides readers with practical interventional skills illustrated with case studies as well as techniques drawn inherently from the Islamic tradition. A methodology of case formulation is provided that allows for effective treatment planning and translation into therapeutic application. Throughout its chapters, the book situates TIIP within an Islamic epistemological and ontological framework, providing a discussion of the nature and composition of the human psyche, its drives, health, pathology, mechanisms of psychological change, and principles of healing.

Mental health practitioners who treat Muslim patients, Muslim clinicians, students of the behavioral sciences and related disciplines, and anyone with an interest in spiritually oriented psychotherapies will greatly benefit from this illustrative and practical text.




  1. Completion of all 3 levels & successful TIIP case presentation
  2. Licensure or license eligibility in mental health practice OR Islamic clergy with formal pastoral counseling training
  3. Evidence or demonstration of completion of minimum religious education requirements (fard al-ayn) that are obligatory upon every Muslim. A letter from a religious teacher or certificate from an Islamic seminary would suffice

Certification with Khalil Center will also render you eligible for certification through the International Association for Islamic Psychology (IAIP), given that Khalil Center’s curriculum is recognized and certified by this association as well.